The newest relationship between existence activities and being heavy are given inside Desk 2

Investigation society

Out-of 2,087 very first-seasons children exactly who undergone a general examination (pre-university) and you can complete questionnaires on Health Solution Center from Okayama College or university from inside the , 1,396 college students volunteered to get good step three-12 months realize-right up test prior to graduation inside the (follow-right up rates; 66.9%). For this investigation, we considered participants which have a great Body mass index from ? twenty-five.0 kg meters ?2 since the overweight (16) . I omitted 82 participants who were overweight (Body mass index ? twenty five kg m ?2 ) on their standard health test. Ultimately, study from a single,314 people (676 men and you may 638 ladies; 65.3%) was indeed assessed. The analysis is approved by the Ethics Committee out-of Okayama School Scholar College out-of Medication, Dentistry and you will Pharmaceutical Sciences (Zero. 306). Composed agree try obtained from all the participants.

Review away from heavy/carrying excess fat

About all around health examination, the brand new top and body pounds regarding members was mentioned from the university’s public wellness nurses by using the Tanita extra fat analyser (Model No. BF-220; Tanita, Tokyo, Japan). Body mass index was computed due to the fact weight when you look at the kilograms split up by height from inside the yards squared (23) .


Users advertised price out-of eating in line with others, considering certainly one of four qualitative categories: sluggish, typical, punctual, and extremely prompt. The latest legitimacy and precision of the questionnaire has already been affirmed and you can employed for researching associations anywhere between worry about-said eating speed and you may obesity (24) . I mutual punctual and very punctual responses with the just one category off dining easily and you may slow and you may normal answers towards the one sounding dinner slow (8) .

For other lives things, answers were given because of the participants during the an effective “yes/no” style as follows: an irregular diet (i.age., unusual mealtime), skipping breakfast, restaurants up to full, seem to snack and you will/or dining at night, frequently drinking fatty foods, apparently food greens, seem to dining fast food, seem to dinner candy, appear to consuming (sugar-sweetened) carbonated drinks, typical exercise, and you may habitual drinking (16, 20) . The newest questionnaire are held at the standard.

Analytical studies

Paired t, unpaired t, Fisher’s exact, and chi-squared tests were used to determine whether there were any significant differences between baseline and re-examination, or normal weight and overweight groups. Using a logistic regression model, both odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Being overweight at the 3-year follow-up was used as a dependent variable. Gender, eating quickly, and frequently consuming fatty foods at baseline were added as independent variables on multivariate analysis according to the guidelines of a previous study (25) . All data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (21.0J for Windows; SPSS Japan, Tokyo, Japan). A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


There were no significant differences in prevalence of eating quickly and body composition at baseline between participants who were followed up and those who were not (data not shown). Table 1 shows the characteristics of participants. Overall, 207 male (30.2%) and 198 female (31.0%) participants reported eating quickly. Of the 38 participants (2.9%) who became overweight, none were obese (BMI ? 30 kg m ?2 ). There was a significant difference in body composition between baseline and re-examination data (P < 0.05).

  • a suggest ± basic departure.
  • bP < 0.05, paired t test. Baseline vs. after 3 years.
  • cP < 0.05, ? 2 test.
  • dn (%).

In both male and female participants, a higher prevalence of those who ate quickly was observed in the overweight group compared with the normal weight group (P < 0.05). The prevalence of participants who ate quickly and frequently consumed fatty foods was significantly higher in the overweight group than in the normal weight group (P < 0.05).

  • an (%).

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